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Knitting Abbreviation Dictionary

October 10, 2016
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Whether you are beginning or advanced, everyone needs a solid knitting abbreviation dictionary once and awhile. Reading knit patterns is truly like learning another language, so here's your cheat sheet that explains abbreviations for techniques that range from super basic to super experienced. If you are new, you can always get some extra support and resources with our Beginner's Guide to Knitting.


Knitting Abbreviations


A-E


- alt: alternate

- approx: approximately

- beg: beginning

- bet: between

- blo: back loop only

- BO: bind off

- CC: contrast color

- circ: circular

- cn: cable needle

- CO: cast on

- cont: continue

- dec: decrease

- dpns: double pointed needles

- est: established

F-M


- FO: fasten off

- foll: following

- inc: increase

- k: knit

- k1-b: knit one stitch in row below

- kfb: knit into front and back of stitch

- kwise: knitwise, as if to knit

- k1tbl: knit one through the back loop

- k2tog: knit two together

- LLI: left lifted increase (insert left needle into top of stitch one row below first stitch on right needle, knit this loop)

- m: marker

- MC: main color


M-P


- meas: measures

- m1: make one (insert left needle from front to back under strand between last stitch worked and next stitch on left needle; knit this loop through back)

- M1L: make one left (insert left needle from front to back under strand between last stitch worked and next stitch on left needle; knit this loop through back)

- M1P: make one purlwise (insert left needle from back to front under strand between last stitch worked and next stitch on left needle; purl this loop through the front)

- M1R: make one right (insert left needle from back to front under strand between last stitch worked and next stitch on left needle; knit this loop through front)

- ndl(s): needle(s)

- p: purl

- patt: pattern

- pfb: purl into the front and back of a stitch

- pm: place marker

P-S


- psso: pass slipped stitch over

- pwise: purlwise, as if to purl

- p1tbl: purl one through the back loop

- p2sso: pass two slipped stitches over

- p2tog: purl two together

- p3tog: purl three together

- rem: remaining

- rep: repeat

- RLI: right lifted increase (insert right needle into top of stitch one row below next stitch on left needle, knit this loop)

- rnd(s): round(s)

- RS: right side

- s2kp2: slip two stitches knitwise as if to knit two together, k1, pass two slipped stitches over the knit stitch

- sk: skip

- sl: slip

- sl st: slip stitch


S...


- sk2p: slip one stitch, knit two stitches together, pass the slipped stitch over the two stitches knit together

- skp: slip one stitch, knit one stitch, pass the slipped stitch over the knit stitch

- sm: slip marker (slip marker from left needle to right needle)

- sp: space

- ssk: slip, slip, knit (slip two stitches knitwise, insert left needle in front of two slipped stitches, knit two slipped stitches together)

- sssk: slip, slip, slip, knit (slip three stitches knitwise, insert left needle in front of three slipped stitches, knit three slipped stitches together)

- ssp: slip, slip, purl (slip two stitches purlwise, insert left needle behind two slipped stitches, purl two slipped stitches together)

- sssp: slip, slip, slip purl (slip three stitches purlwise, insert left needle behind three slipped stitches, purl three slipped stitches together)

 

S-Z


- st(s): stitch(es)

- st st: stockinette stitch (when working flat, knit all RS rows, purl all WS rows; when working in the round, knit all stitches)

- tbl: through back loop

- tfl: through front loop

- tog: together

- w&t: wrap next stitch and turn work

- wyib: with yarn in back

- wyif: with yarn in front

- WS: wrong side

- yo: yarn over

- *: repeat the directions between the asterisks as many times as indicated.

- 2/2 LC: slip 2 stitches to cable needle, hold to front, k2; k2 from cable needle

-2/2 RC: slip 2 stitches to cable needle, hold to back, k2; k2 from cable needle


Special Knitting Methods


I-cord BO

Work as foll: *k2, k2tog-tbl. Do not turn. Sl 3 sts from right ndl to left. Rep from * until only 3 sts rem. Cut yarn, leaving a 6” tail.

Intarsia

A method of color knitting that uses a new strand of yarn for each block of color. When changing colors, the yarn strands must be wrapped in a way that prevents a gap.

- RS Row: Work in patt to the color change. Behind the work, bring previous color yarn over the new yarn to the left and bring the new yarn up from below on the right, then cont with the new color.

- WS Row: Work in patt to the color change. In front of the work, bring previous color yarn over the new yarn to the left and bring the new yarn up from below on the right, then cont with the new color.

Kitchener Stitch

Hold edges to be grafted parallel to each other, with WS together and ndls pointing to the right. Using tapestry ndl threaded with yarn, *run yarn through first st on front ndl kwise and sl st off ndl, run yarn through second st pwise, keep st on ndl, run yarn through first st on back ndl pwise and sl st off ndl, run yarn through second st kwise, keep st on ndl; rep from * until one st rem on each ndl. Run yarn through last st on front ndl kwise and sl st off ndl, run yarn through last st on back ndl pwise and sl st off ndl.

Note: Adjust tension as you go so the sts match the tension of the sts on the knitted piece.

Loop CO

With ndl and tail in left hand and working yarn in right hand, bring right index finger from back under working yarn toward you, then over working yarn and away forming a loop; insert left ndl into loop on right finger. 1 st CO.

Purl Cable CO

Insert right needle from back to front between first and second sts on left ndl, wrap yarn around ndl, pull through loop; place loop on left ndl. 1 st CO.

Stranded Color

A method of color knitting in which two or more yarns are worked at the same time, with yarns not in use stranded loosely across the wrong side of the piece.

Three-ndl BO

Holding the two ndls parallel and the two pieces RS facing, k the sts from both ndls tog at the same time and BO as you go. Cont until all sts have been BO.

Tubular CO

With waste yarn, use desired method to CO # (#) sts (half the indicated CO sts). K one RS row, then work two more rows in st st, ending after a RS row.

- Next Row (WS): With A, p across. Cont in st st for three more rows, ending after a RS row. 

- Next Row (WS): *p1, pick up lowest working-yarn loop from a few rows below and knit into it; rep from *to end. # (3) sts total. Remove waste yarn.

Tubular Stockinette Stitch

(worked over a multiple of 2 sts)

- Row 1: *sl 1 st pwise wyif, k1; rep from * to end.
- Rep row 1 for tubular st st.

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